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Corresponding Author:
David Carment, Centre for Global Cooperation Research, Duisburg, Germany

Corresponding Coauthors:
Joseph Landry, Norman Paterson School of International Affairs, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada
Yiagadeesen Samy, Norman Paterson School of International Affairs, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada
Scott Shaw, Norman Paterson School of International Affairs, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada

State Transitions for the Middle East and North Africa Region: A Structural Assessment Using the Country Indicators for Foreign Policy Framework

(pp. 57-80)
JEL classification: C82, F50, O53, 057
Keywords: Algeria, Arab Spring, CIFP, Fragile States, Libya, Middle East and North Africa, State Fragility, State Transitions, Yemen

Abstract

Using the framework developed by the Country Indicators for Foreign Policy (CIFP) project (www.carleton.ca/cifp), this paper examines state transitions in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region.  While previous studies have found legitimacy to be a particular concern across the region, our most recent data confirms that legitimacy remains a key issue, even if it has improved since the Arab Spring which began in late 2010.  We complement this regional analysis by examining the structural characteristics of three countries – Algeria, Libya, Yemen – using CIFP’s ALC framework to understand the evolution of state transitions pre- and post-Arab Spring.  This examination reveals significant differences in the evolution of the characteristics of ‘stateness’ across the various cases.   


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